Documents what need to keep with you at the practical exam:
You need to carry your valid ID or passport and address card.
If you have foreign driving license, need your driving license and a Hungarian translation from your driving license.
If you Naturalize you driving license, the decision of the Central Administrative and Electronic Public Services Office.
When your exam starts you need to check the condition of the vehicle (DAILY CHECKINGS).
1. Number plate
3. Steering wheel system
4. Lighting and signaling devices
5. Brakes (the engine is off):
The hand brake is good:
If pull up until it has to be solid and the number of clicking is between 3-7, it is hold the car safely in place.
Brake test (the engine is on):
Move the car about 1-2 meters and stop completely.
If the applicant is unable to demonstrate the use of the vehicle's safety equipment this will result an automatic failure on the exam.
• Your seat is adjusted properly. Ensure you can see over the steering
wheel. Many vehicles allow you to tilt the steering wheel – find a position
that is right for you. Make sure you can reach all the controls and relax
your arms when you grip the steering wheel.
Most new vehicles now come equipped with an air bag system that is part
of the steering wheel assembly. If your vehicle has this type of device, recommends that you should position yourself back at least 25 cm from the steering wheel. You must be able to
reach the brake pedal. In a standard transmission vehicle, you should be able to push the clutch pedal all the way to the floor.
• Your mirrors are in the right position. Adjust your inside rear-view mirror so you can see as much as possible behind you. Adjust your sideview mirrors to reduce blind spots.
• Your seat belt is fastened! Seat belts save lives andhelp and reduce serious injuries. Wear them, it’s the law. Seat belts only work if used properly. Wear the lap belt low and snug over your hips and the shoulder belt must fit over your chest and shoulder. Don’t be tempted to tuck the shoulder belt behind your back or under your arm. In vehicles that are designed with an air bag system, you still must use your seat belt.
Properly positioned head restraints can greatly reduce the risk of whiplash
injuries in rear-end collisions. If your vehicle has an adjustable head
restraint it should be adjusted so that the centre of the head restraint is
level with the top of your ears. If your head restraint tilts, move it forward
to decrease the space between your head and the restraint – less than 10
cm (4”) is ideal. Always check to see that your passengers' head restraints
are adjusted to the correct height also. Save your neck…Raise your head
When you’re ready to go:
• Check again to make sure your path of travel is clear.
• Use your rear-view mirrors, but don’t rely only on them. Use a shoulder
check to ensure your blind spots are clear.
If you’re pulling out from the right side of the road, use your left electrical
signal or hand signal to indicate that you are entering traffic. If you’re on the
left side of a one way road, use your right turn signal and be careful –
it may be difficult to clearly check traffic from the driver’s seat.
An automatic transmission refers to a system that changes the vehicle’s
gears automatically. The shift lever allows a driver to manually select a
specific gear or range.
• To be used when starting the engine and parking the vehicle. It locks the
• To be used for backing the vehicle.
• The transmission is out of gear.
• Use this selection for normal forward driving. The transmission will shift
through the gears, both up and down, automatically.
“3,2,1” Gear Positions
• These positions prevent the transmission from shifting to a higher gear
and may be used on hills or other special circumstances.
• If your vehicle has an overdrive selection, it is used for driving at higher
speeds and helps to save fuel.
For further information, refer to your vehicle’s owners manual.
Manual (standard) transmissions
Shifting gears in a vehicle equipped with a manual transmission is a skill
that requires considerable practice. The driver operates a clutch pedal with
the left foot while manually selecting the desired gear by moving a gearshift
lever with the right hand.
The clutch is used to make, or break, the connection between the vehicle’s
engine and its transmission. When the pedal is up, the connection is
engaged and the power of the engine can then be transmitted to the
drive wheels of the vehicle.
When starting the engine of a vehicle equipped with a manual transmission,
your gearshift lever should be in the neutral position and your clutch pedal
should be fully depressed.
When the clutch pedal is pressed down, the connection is disengaged
which prevents the transfer of engine power to the drive wheels. It is while
the connection is disengaged that the driver will change gears.
As the driver begins to let up on the clutch pedal the re-establishment of the
connection will begin to be felt before the pedal is fully released. The point
where this first occurs is called the “friction point.”
It is at this friction point that the driver must coordinate the further release of
the clutch pedal with the use of the gas pedal to achieve a smooth shift and
prevent engine stalling.
When driving manual-transmission vehicles, it is important to select the
proper gear so that your engine neither lugs (moves the vehicle in rough,
bumpy fashion) nor races (revs the engine but does not move the car
effectively). Your owners manual will provide you with the approximate
speeds at which you should shift.
Shifting patterns vary as do the number of available gears. Your owners
manual will describe the shifting pattern for your vehicle. A pattern is usually
found engraved into the knob of your gearshift lever.
Having the ignition switch in the off position, you can practice moving the
gearshift lever into its various positions until you are sure of the locations
and can find each gear without looking at the gearshift.
Once you have the vehicle in motion and have completed shifting gears,
be sure to remove your foot from the clutch pedal. Leaving your foot on
the clutch pedal unnecessarily is called “riding the clutch” and can cause
excessive clutch wear.
It is very important that the driver keeps the transmission in gear throughout
the descent. Therefore, before starting down the hill you should be in the
proper gear to minimize the chance of missing a shift.
When you are required to brake or come to a stop, you should avoid
depressing the clutch too soon so that you are not coasting to a stop. Good
practice is to downshift to the gear that will allow a smooth start.
When turning corners, be sure your clutch is engaged and that your vehicle
is in the proper gear for the speed at which you are turning.
Think of the steering wheel as a clock. To have the best control over your
vehicle, your left hand should be placed at the 10 o’clock position and your
right hand should be at the 2 o’clock position. When turning a corner, use a
hand-over-hand method of steering. When straightening out after a turn use
the hand-over-hand method to recover your steering.
When you are in the process of moving your vehicle, the ability to
control your speed depends upon good accelerator technique. Gradually
depress the accelerator and hold it at the proper position for the selected
speed. This may take some practice. You must develop sensitivity to the
accelerator pedal. Keep the following in mind:
• You should accelerate smoothly and adjust to the weather, road and traffic
conditions. Don’t speed up or slow down unnecessarily.
• Never exceed the posted speed limit.
• Don’t accelerate so quickly that your tires spin.
• Driving too slow is also a hazard. Driving unnecessarily at speeds well
below the posted speed limit may bother other drivers following you.
Driving your vehicle at speeds close to other traffic helps to reduce
the risk of being involved in a collision. If necessary pull over and stop to
allow traffic to pass you.
Few drivers know how much time or distance it takes to fully stop a vehicle.
As a result, they may make errors in judgment that can lead to a collision.
Three factors go into determining how long it takes to stop.
1. Perception time
Perception time is how long it takes for your brain to recognize a situation
and understand that you need to stop. This can take approximately 3/4 of a
second, depending on the driver. Less experienced drivers are often slower
to realize a danger exists. The distance will vary greatly depending upon
the driver’s visual search, level of attention, decision-making capability and
degree of fatigue, and can also be affected by the use of alcohol or other
2. Reaction time
Reaction time is the time it takes you to physically react to a danger by
moving your foot from the gas pedal to the brake pedal. The average
reaction time is 3/4 of a second. Reaction distance is how far a vehicle
travels during this time.
3. Braking time
Braking time is how long it takes a vehicle to stop from the time the brake
is first applied until the vehicle actually stops. The distance travelled in this
time is called the braking distance.
Total stopping distance is the sum of perception distance, reaction
distance and the braking distance.
Many factors, such as the condition of the roadway, your alertness, your
vehicle, the vehicle’s speed and the condition of your vehicle’s brakes and tires
work in combination to determine stopping time and distance. As a driver, you
must attempt to adjust to or modify these factors to avoid a collision. Do not
drive when you are tired or have been taking drugs or alcohol.
The chart below illustrates the minimum stopping distance for various speeds.
The stopping distances are averages for stopping on smooth, dry pavement.
• When coming to a stop, begin braking early, do not leave your braking too
• Ease off the accelerator in advance of applying the brake to reduce your
• To brake smoothly, ease up on the brake pedal slightly and then reapply
pressure on the pedal just before you come to a stop.
• When required to stop quickly, use the threshold braking technique.
This involves braking almost to the point of locking the wheels where
braking efficiency is at its maximum. If the wheels lock, ease up slightly.
The lock point will vary depending on the conditions, so it is important
to know your brakes well. Applying the brakes hard enough to lock the
wheels will cause a loss of steering control.
In situations when you have to back, look behind you to make sure your
path is clear of traffic, pedestrians and other obstacles. If you are going to
be backing out of a driveway, first walk around the vehicle and check for
possible dangers behind.
To back in a straight line:
• place your left hand at the top of the steering wheel
• look over your right shoulder through the rear window and back up slowly
• don’t look ahead except for quick glances to make sure the front of the
vehicle does not hit anything
• for slight steering corrections, turn the steering wheel in the same
direction that you want the back of your vehicle to go
When backing to the left or right:
• use both hands on the steering wheel
• to back to the left look over your left shoulder with occasional glances to
• to back to the right look over your right shoulder with occasional glances
to the front
Remember: The front of the vehicle will swing in the opposite direction
that the back end is going.
Other hints for backing:
• If you have to back out of a driveway, back your vehicle into the nearest
traffic lane and then go forward. Do not back into a second traffic lane as
backing across a centre line is both illegal and unsafe. Note: It is usually
safer to back into the driveway so that you can drive forward when you
• In an urban area (city, town or village), you are not permitted to back a
vehicle into an intersection or a crosswalk.
• When backing your vehicle, it is good practice to limit your speed to that
of normal walking speed.
Remember: White back-up lights on a vehicle indicate that the vehicle
is in reverse. Be aware that the vehicle may move backwards.
Parking a vehicle requires good control of the vehicle, accurate judgment
and a good understanding of steering. The next three sections will deal with
different types of parking situations.
This type of parking will seem difficult at first and will require practice. You
will need to learn how to judge if a parking space is large enough for your
vehicle. To park in a space between two vehicles at the right-hand curb,
follow the steps illustrated.
Left Side or Right Side Parallel Parking
This exercise demonstrates your ability to parallel park a vehicle. This is an essential skill for parking. Parallel parking is one of the best indicators that you have the basic skills necessary to safely operate a motor vehicle. Basic skills needed for this exercise consist of visual skills, judgment of space, use of mirrors, turn signals, steering, braking, and acceleration control.
1. When you are approaching your intended parallel parking space, check
early to the rear for traffic that is following you. Apply your brakes well in
advance and start to slow down. Tap your brake pedal and your brake
lights will alert other drivers of your intent to stop and park parallel by the
curb. Stop when the rear bumper of your vehicle is in line with the rear
bumper of vehicle B and parallel to the curb. Leave about one metre of
space between the vehicles.
2. Back very slowly, steering sharply to the right until the vehicle is
approximately at a 45-degree angle to the curb. Your steering wheel
should now be in line with the rear bumper of vehicle B.
3. Straighten your front wheels. Continue backing until the right end of
your front bumper is in line with the back end of vehicle B. Be careful
not to make contact with this vehicle.
4. Turn the wheel rapidly to the left as far as it will go and back up until
you are parallel with the curb. Be careful not make contact with the
bumper of the vehicle behind.
5. Move forward very slowly while straightening the wheels. Stop when
your vehicle is centred between vehicles B and C. Set the park brake.
The law requires that the wheels of the parked vehicle not be more than
30 centimetres from the curb.
When you are leaving a parallel park position:
• If necessary, back up close to the vehicle parked behind you without
• Check all mirrors to see that the road behind is clear;
• Turn on the left turning signal;
• Check side mirrors;
• Before moving forward, look over your left shoulder for traffic not visible in
• Move forward slowly, steering to the left rapidly. Drive into the closest travel
lane taking care not to make contact with the parked vehicle in front.
• Be alert for traffic approaching from the rear.
Entering and exiting a parallel parked vehicle
When entering a parked vehicle, always approach from the front facing
traffic. Be very careful about traffic passing in the nearest lane before you
open the door. Open the door no wider than necessary and then close
the door quickly behind you.
When leaving a parked vehicle, check all mirrors carefully for any traffic or
cyclists approaching from behind. Shoulder check to the left to check the
blind spot. If safe, open the door no wider than necessary and exit quickly.
Walk to the rear of the vehicle facing traffic and leave the roadway as
quickly as possible.
Angle parking is most often used in parking lots. The spaces may be
anywhere from a 30 to a 90 degree angle from the traffic lane.
The following steps should be used to enter an angle parking space on the right:
• Turn on your right turn signal and slow down.
• Driving parallel to the curb, remain at least 1.5 metres away from the
rear of the vehicles already parked. If you are going to be parked at right
angles to the curb, you must allow about two metres, to make the sharp
• When you can see down the left-hand side of the vehicle parked on the
right of the vacant parking space, steer sharply to the right into the centre
of the vacant space at a slow speed.
• Approximately at the centre point of the parking space, straighten your
wheels and continue to slowly move forward. Be careful to observe the
left front bumper and the right rear bumper, making sure that they are
not too close to the parked vehicles on either side. Keep moving slowly
forward until the front wheel makes light contact with the curb or is within
30 cm from the curb.
When leaving an angle parking space:
• Follow all normal back up precautions and procedures. This is a simple
manoeuvre but could be hazardous because it is difficult to see traffic as
you back out of the space. You do not have the right-of-way as you back
out. Look very carefully behind your vehicle.
• Back up slowly and be prepared to stop if necessary. If the vehicle beside
you is longer than yours, stop when the rear of your vehicle is even with
the rear of the longer vehicle. Continue backing straight until you can see
past the parked vehicle to your right.
• When your front bumper will clear the rear of the vehicle on your left, turn
the steering wheel sharply and quickly to the right and continue backing
into the lane next to the parked vehicle. STOP when your vehicle is parallel
with the curb and then drive ahead in the appropriate lane. Watch for other
vehicles backing out of angle parking stalls in front of you.
Entering a 90-degree angle-parking stall in a parking lot on the left is easier
because you have more room to achieve the proper angle. Be sure to check
the left lane for oncoming traffic before you turn across it.
Never enter a parking stall on the left side of a two-way roadway.
The following information applies to vehicles parked on the right-hand side
of the road. Vehicles parked on the left-hand side of the road, turn the front
wheels in the opposite direction. To prevent a parked vehicle from rolling
down a hill, always set your park brake and always place your transmission
in low gear (manual transmission) or park (automatic transmission). In
1. If you park facing uphill on a street with a curb,
turn the front wheels toward the left and allow
your vehicle to roll back until the right front tire is
touching the curb.
2. If you park facing uphill on a street without a curb,
turn your front wheels to the right.
3. If you park facing downhill, always turn your front
wheels to the right.
NOTE: Allow your vehicle to roll to the point where your front wheels are making contact
with the curb before setting the park brake and parking gear. This helps to prevent the
vehicle from “jumping the curb” in the event the vehicle starts to move.
Do not park your vehicle:
• on a sidewalk or boulevard
• on a crosswalk or on any part of a crosswalk
• within an intersection
• in front of a public or private driveway
• alongside or opposite any street excavation or obstruction when the
stopping or parking would obstruct traffic
• on any bridge, underpass or their approaches
• at any other place where a traffic control device prohibits stopping or
parking, during the times stopping or parking is prohibited
• within five metres in front of a stop or yield sign or traffic light located at
the side of the roadway
• within three metres of any fire hydrant, or when the hydrant is not located at
the curb, within three metres of the point on the curb nearest the hydrant
• within five metres of the near side of a marked crosswalk
• beside other vehicles where you may be double-parked
• at or near the site of any fire, explosion, motor vehicle crash or other
incident, if stopping or parking would obstruct traffic or hinder police
officers, firefighters, emergency medical service operators or assistants,
rescue officers or volunteers
• on a roadway outside of an urban area:
− shall not park the vehicle on the roadway, parking lane or shoulder of a
primary highway except where
(a) the vehicle is incapable of moving under its own power,
(b) an emergency arises, or
(c) it is otherwise permitted by law
- unless there is a clear passage for other motor vehicles,
- unless your vehicle may be seen for 60 metres along the roadway in both directions.
A stop sign means that your vehicle must come to a full stop.
Once you have stopped, check the intersection carefully for
pedestrians and other traffic. When safe, continue on your way.
There are rules about where you must stop your vehicle when
you come to a stop sign.
Where to stop
Where a stop line has been marked, bring your vehicle to a complete stop before crossing the line. Before moving forward, give pedestrians or traffic the right-of-way.
Unless otherwise marked, you must:
• Stop before entering a main street from a road, service road, alley, driveway or
• Stop before any sidewalk crossing. Yield to pedestrians.
Intersections controlled by yield signs
A yield sign means slow down as you near an intersection. You may be required to stop and yield the right-of-way to traffic or pedestrians. Wait for a safe gap in the traffic before you proceed. If there are no pedestrians or traffic that you are required to yield to, you may proceed through the intersection without stopping.
When the paths of highway users cross there is a potential for conflict. Who should proceed and who should wait? Right-of-way rules require one person to yield and the other to proceed. Having the right-of-way, however, does not relieve you of the responsibility to do everything you can to prevent a collision.
Understanding controlled and uncontrolled intersections
Check for traffic approaching from your left and right when you are
approaching an intersection.
A controlled intersection is an intersection with traffic signs or traffic signal
lights. To drive safely in a controlled intersection you must know what the
signs and signals mean. These signs or signals could be facing you or
drivers on the intersecting roadway. You also need to know which vehicle
has the right-of-way. Always be careful. Other drivers may not be paying attention to the signs and signals. Directions given by a police officer overrule traffic signs or signals.
Uncontrolled intersections are ones that have no traffic signs and no traffic
signal lights. This may also apply to an intersection commonly referred to as
a "T" intersection. Other drivers might not be expecting traffic or pedestrians
to cross their path and this could cause a collision.
Check for traffic approaching from your left and right when you are
approaching an intersection without traffic signs or traffic signal lights. Slow
down and be prepared to stop.
Yield the right-of-way to the vehicle on your right.
Use extreme caution and sound judgment at all uncontrolled intersections
even if the other driver is required to yield to you. Insisting on taking your right-of-way when the other driver refuses to yield can cause a collision.
• A driver turning left across the path of an approaching vehicle cannot
make the left turn until it is safe to do so.
• Should a driver begin a left turn in front of you, stop and yield the right
away to avoid a collision.
• Parking lots have uncontrolled intersections unless that intersection is
regulated by a traffic sign.
You must not pass another vehicle that has stopped for a pedestrian at a marked or unmarked crosswalk.
Many collisions are caused by drivers who fail to make turns properly.
Here are some hints for safe turning.
• Check for traffic, shoulder check, signal, and when safe, move into the
• Signal in sufficient time to provide a reasonable warning to other drivers of
• Check traffic and conditions to your left and right then left again before
making your turn. Watch for both vehicle and pedestrian traffic.
• Make turns at a slow speed and keep your vehicle under control.
• For safety’s sake, particularly when turning left off a two-lane highway,
make a quick left shoulder check to ensure you are not about to be
passed by an overtaking vehicle.
• Do not cut corners so as to drive over the curb on a right turn.
• Do not turn wide on left or right turns so as to occupy two lanes of traffic.
Prepare well in advance. If you are not in the proper turning lane, mirror check,
shoulder check, signal and, when safe, make the lane change. You should be
in your proper turning lane at least 15 metres from the intersection.
When turning right from a two-way road onto another two-way road, try
to stay as close as practical to the right-hand curb or the edge of the road.
Do this as you approach the intersection, while turning, and as you leave
the intersection. When making a right turn signal, check traffic, shoulder
check right and turn. When you complete your turn, drive as close as
practical to the right curb or edge of the roadway that you have entered.
This also applies to dual lane turns. Be sure you yield the right-of-way to pedestrians
and traffic on the cross street. Before you begin to turn, check over your right shoulder for other
road users who may have moved up on the right side of your vehicle. Turn into the first available
traffic lane on the right. If a vehicle is parked immediately around the
corner, turn into the first available lane to the left of the parked vehicle.
If a parked vehicle or obstruction is far enough away, complete the turn
as shown above. Make a proper lane change to the left when safe. It is
generally recommended for this type of turn that the curb lane be clear of
parked vehicles for at least 1/2 a block. Remember that lanes are not always marked. A travel lane is a strip of roadway wide enough to allow the passage of a single line of vehicles even
if that is along the curb and has parking meters along it.
Left turns are one of the leading causes of crashes. Left turns are more
difficult than right turns because you usually have to cross traffic coming
from at least two and usually three directions.
Prepare well in advance. You should be in your proper turning lane at least
15 metres from the intersection. If you are not in the proper turning lane,
mirror check, shoulder check, signal and, when safe, make the lane change.
When turning from a two-way road onto another two-way road, drive to
the right side of and as close as practical to the centre line, keep wheels
straight, check traffic, shoulder check left and turn. Complete the turn by
driving to the right side of the centre line of the road you entered.
If you must stop in the intersection prior to completing a left turn, stay to the
right of the centre line and keep your front wheels pointed straight ahead.
This will prevent you from being pushed into oncoming traffic if you are hit
from the rear. Remain behind the crosswalk if there is only room for one
vehicle ahead of you in the intersection.
A) Two-way into a two-way: turn from the lane nearest the centre line into the lane
nearest the centre line.
B) Two-way into a one-way: turn from the lane nearest the centre line into curb on the
left-hand side. You must not make this turn on a red light.
C) One-way into a two-way: start your turn from the left lane nearest the left-hand side of
the road into the lane nearest the centre line.
D) One-way into a one-way: turn from the lane nearest the left-hand side of the road
into the lane closest to the left-hand side. You may make this turn on a red light after
you have come to a complete stop and it is safe to do so providing there are no signs
prohibiting the turn. This also applies to dual lane turns.
Some roads have special lanes for turning. As you approach an
intersection, always check the signs and pavement markings.
Make sure you are in the correct lane to turn or go straight
Dual lane turns
When making a right or left turn where dual lane turns are indicated by
pavement markings or signs, approach the intersection in one of the marked
lanes and turn into the corresponding lane.
Remember: Dual lane turns can only be made where indicated. Never swing wide or change lanes in dual lane turn intersections as another vehicle could be turning beside you.
Lane driving - Lane position
On all highways that are wide enough you must drive on the right half of
the road. If a highway has been divided into lanes by clearly visible lines on
the road surface, drivers should drive as closely as practical in the centre of
A shoulder is the portion of a primary highway between the edge of the
roadway to the right of the direction of traffic and the nearest solid white
line, not being the centre line, marked on the roadway. This definition is not
intended to cover the curb lane in urban areas where vehicles are normally
permitted to park.
Do not drive in the "shoulder" of a highway, even to allow passing. It is only
intended for emergency parking.
Make sure your mirrors are properly adjusted to minimize blind spots. Your
mirrors can never show you everything that is behind you. What you can’t
see in your mirrors is said to be in your blind spot.
Using the inside rear view mirror – Vehicle A can see Vehicle B
Using the left outside mirror – Vehicle C is visible
Using both outside mirrors and rear view mirror – Vehicle A can see vehicles B, C and D Vehicle A can not see vehicles E and F, either in the mirrors or through peripheral side vision. These vehicles are said to be in vehicle A’s blind spot.
To make sure you minimize your blind spots, adjust all of your mirrors properly.
This includes the rear-view mirror and any outside mirrors on your vehicle.
When moving from one lane to another, you must:
• make sure a lane change is allowed
• check for traffic by using your rear-view mirror and outside mirrors
• check over your shoulder to ensure that there is no vehicle or cyclist in
your blind spot
• turn on the proper turn signal
• if safe, complete the lane change
Remember: Mirror checks do not replace shoulder checks. To shoulder
check properly, turn your head and take a quick glance through the side
windows behind you in the direction you intend to move. This covers the
area you may not be able to see in your mirrors as indicated by the red area in the above diagram.
On multi-lane highways, slow-moving traffic should travel in the traffic lane
to the far right unless the left lane is required to make a left hand turn.
Passing on a two-lane highway
On a two-lane road with one lane of traffic in each direction, passing
another vehicle can be difficult and dangerous. Errors in judgment due to
alcohol, fatigue, impatience or various other causes can result in head-on
collisions. Head-on collisions are usually fatal, therefore, passing should be
performed with extreme caution.
When you want to pass another vehicle on a two-lane road:
• when making a lane change plan well in advance.
• keep a safe following distance behind the vehicle you want to pass
• pass vehicles only when the way ahead is unobstructed and when passing is
• check your mirrors
• shoulder check for vehicles which may be passing you in your blind spot
• turn on your left signal
• check again that the road ahead is clear before you attempt to pass
• you must not exceed the speed limit when passing another vehicle
• once the vehicle you have passed is visible in your inside rear view mirror,
shoulder check to the right
• turn on your right signal
• shoulder check again
• return to your proper lane position
• turn off your signal
If someone is passing you on a two-lane highway, help the person passing
you to do it safely by slowing down, staying in your lane and moving a little
to the right. This will give the other driver a better view of the road ahead.
When is it illegal to pass another vehicle?
You are not allowed to pass when:
• approaching vehicles are too close
• a solid yellow line is on your side of the centre line outside of urban areas
• a sign indicates a no-passing zone
• you are in a school or playground zone while restricted speed limits are in
• another vehicle is stopped to allow a pedestrian to cross at an unmarked
or marked crosswalk
Merging requires that you time your approach and smoothly
blend in with the other traffic. This may require adjusting your
speed so that, when you reach the end of the acceleration
lane, you have a gap in the traffic, which will permit you to
enter the flow of traffic safely. Your entry into that flow should
be at, or near, the speed of the other traffic.
Do not slow down or stop when you come to the end of the
acceleration lane. This lane was designed to bring your vehicle up to the
speed of the highway traffic. The drivers behind you are expecting you to
continue moving ahead. If you slow down or stop, your vehicle may be rearended.
Here are some tips on how to merge safely:
• check the traffic flow on the highway
• as your vehicle enters the acceleration lane, signal left
• on highway entrances, you should check traffic by using the side and
rearview mirrors and looking over you shoulder.
• choose your entry space
• accelerate to the speed of the highway traffic
• keep checking the gap and any following vehicles
• move into the gap but remember to wait until you pass the solid white line
• turn off your signal
It is recommended that drivers already on the highway should,
whenever possible and when safe to do so, move to the left-hand
lane when approaching an acceleration lane. This leaves the right
travel lane clear for the merging vehicles to enter.
When leaving the highway, a deceleration lane may be provided to help you
slow your vehicle down to the reduced exit speed limit. Here are some tips
on how to exit safely:
• plan ahead
• be in the proper lane well before you reach your exit
• a turn signal should be turned on well in advance of the exit to warn the
drivers behind you
• move into the deceleration lane
• slow down to the speed posted in the deceleration lane
• turn off your signal
If you miss your exit do not stop. Do not back up on the highway.
Continue to the next exit and make plans to return to your route.
On some limited-access highways there are places where highway
entrances and exits are close together. These areas require a driver’s full
attention because vehicles are slowing down to exit the highway while other
vehicles are speeding up to enter. The area where the vehicles cross is
called a weave zone.
In weave zones, control of your speed and the timing of your lane change to
merge with other traffic demands a skillful use of time and space. Use caution
in these zones to ensure a safe and proper manoeuvre for all vehicles.
Curves and hills
Curves and hills require special attention. Here are some things you need to
remember about curves:
• before entering a curve, slow down and stay in your lane
• accelerate slightly after entering the curve to maintain a safe speed
• do not pass vehicles or cut corners on curves
• curves become more dangerous when they are wet or slippery
In a curve, your vehicle will want to go straight ahead even though you want
to turn. If your tires lose traction with the road as you enter a left-hand curve,
your vehicle may skid off the road. To avoid this, you will need to steer slightly
towards but not over the centre of the road. If your tires lose traction with
the road and you are entering a right-hand curve, your vehicle may skid into
oncoming traffic. When you enter a right-hand curve, steer slightly towards the
right side of the road.
Hills also require some special attention. Remember to:
• Use caution as you near the top of a hill.
• Keep to the right of your lane as you approach the top of a hill. This may
keep you from hitting a vehicle coming from the other direction that may
have crossed over the centre line.
• Do not pass near the top of a hill until you can see what is ahead of you.
• If the downgrade is very steep, adjust your speed and shift to a lower
gear before you start downhill. Remember that your braking distance
• Do not release the clutch or put transmission in neutral and coast down a
hill as it is both illegal and unsafe.
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